HVAC & R 2012 DERGİSİ, Mart 2012
Expenditure on research and development (R&D) is one of the most widely used measures of innovation inputs. R&D intensity (R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP) is used as an indicator of an economy’s relative degree of investment in generating new knowledge .
R&D expenditures and human resources data for 2010 have just been announced on 04.11.2011 by TurkStat. According to TurkStat R&D Activities Survey 2010 results in public sector, foundation universities and business enterprise sector and calculations based on higher education sector registers for state universities, Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) in Turkey increased by 14.6% compared to the previous year and reached to 9,268 Million TL in 2010. The share of GERD in GDP was 0.84% in 2010 .
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